Psoriasis is an immune mediated condition causing thick, red, scaly plaques to develop on the skin. Psoriasis can occur at any age and tends to be chronic with periods of flares and remission.
The most common type of psoriasis is plaque psoriasis which manifests with large plaques, commonly affecting the elbows, knees, and lower back. There are several other different types of psoriasis which include guttate, palmoplantar, nail, and erythrodermic psoriasis. Occasionally psoriasis can affect your joints. This condition is called psoriatic arthritis.
There are many treatments available for psoriasis. Topical therapy with topical steroids, vitamin D analogues, and multiple other options may be helpful. Systemic therapy with methotrexate, apremilast (Otezla), and others is also an option. Sometimes, your dermatologist will suggest a biologic injectable medication. These are newer, targeted therapies which can be highly effective.
There is no cure for psorasis. The goal of treatment is to manage the symptoms and to get your skin as clear as it can be.